Prof.  Zoltán Román (D.Sc.)


Date of birth:              05.03.1924.

Nationality:                 Hungarian

Education:                   Mechanical Engineer

                                                Doctor of Economic Sciences



After practical work in business, in the Ministry of Industry, teaching at the University of Economics in Budapest he was working 12 years in the Hungarian Central Statistical Office. Here he dealt with in up-grading positions primarily methodology, international co-operation and comparisons and prepared publications on industry, productivity and structural changes. In the next twenty years, 1968-1988 he was director of the Research Institute of Industrial and Business Economics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Yielding this place to his successor he was and is working now as independent advisor. He kept close affiliation to the HASc, to its section Economics and Law and to its scientific committees. In 2000-2007 he was working again mainly for the Hungarian Central Statistical Office; he prepared several publications for the HCSO and represented the office in numerous international conferences, working groups.


Besides of the diploma in mechanical engineering (Budapest Technical University) he has the degree Doctor of Economic Science of the HASc, Honorary Professor of the Budapest Corvinus University. He was in several cycles President and now he is Honorary President of the Industrial and Business Economics Committee of the HASc and of the Section Industry and Entrepreneurship of the Hungarian Economic Association. He published a dozen of books, more than 300 studies and articles, over100 in foreign languages. His major topics were and are productivity, innovation, industrial policy and in the last decades increasingly: Entrepreneurship and SME policy. In 1990-1999 he was President of the Hungarian Small Business Association and preserves close contacts with SME associations.


International Activities


He had a large number of shorter and longer assignments with international organizations: OECD, UN, UNIDO, UNECE, UNDP, UNCTAD. He was in two cycles President of the EANPC (European Association of National Productivity Centres); Board member of the EARIE (European Association of Research in Industrial Economy). He is a founding member (1988) of the European Council of Small Business, he was member of the ICSB Board, of the ECSB Board (in several cycles), of the WASME Board. Now he is an ECSB Fellow, member of the OECD WPSMEE (Working Party of SMEs and Entrepreneurship) and of the OECD EISG (Entrepreneurship Indicators Steering Committee); member of the Editorial Board of the International Small Business Journal, the International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, of the Journal of Business Economics.


Exempt from the list of publications on entrepreneurship and SMEs:


- The Size of the Small Firm Sector in Hungary. In: The Economics of Small Firms. Ed. Zoltan .J. Acs – David B. Audretsch. Kluwer, 1990, pp. 199- 204.

- Fight for Survival and Growth of an Entrepreneurial Family Company. A Case from Hungary. In: Growth Capital and Entrepreneurship. Ed. Juan Roure, Sue Birley. 1901, pp.167-182.

- Entrepreneurship and Small Business – the Hungarian Trajectory. Journal of Business Venturing, November 1991, pp. 447-465.

-The present Situation and prospects of SMEs in the Eastern European Countries. In: SMEs towards 2000. Ed. Ch. Agrawal. New Delhi, 1993, pp. 396-403.

- Das Handwerk im Transformationsprocess Ungarns. In: Handwerk in Europe. Hrsg. W. König, K. Müller. Göttingen, 1994, pp. 153-162.

- Entrepreneurship and Small Business Research in Hungary. In: Entrepreneurship and Small Business Research in Europe. An ECSB Survey. Ed. Hans Landström et al. 1997, pp.138-151.

- Legal Environment in Hungary. In: Legal aspects of SME development & best practice in simplification of SME legal environment, Proceedings of the CEI Conference, Maribor, 2000, pp. 129-136.

- EC-Eurostat (2001) Sixth Entrepreneurship in Europe Report; The European Observatory for SMEs, Sixth Annual Report (2000). International Small Business Journal, Vol 21 No1 February 2003, pp. 119-124.

- Termelékenységünk és versenyképességünk az EU-csatlakozás küszöbén. (Productivity and competitiveness of the Hungarian economy at the eve of the EU accession.) KSH - Hungarian Central Statistical Office, 2004. 74 pages (with English Summary and translation of the tables).

- An audit of Entrepreneurship Education in Higher Education in Hungary. In: OECD International Conference on Fostering Entrepreneurship: The Role of Higher Education. 23-24 June 2005. Background Papers, pp. 121-139.

- A kis- és középvállalatok és a vállalkozói készség. (Small and medium-sized enterprises and Entrepreneurship.) KSH - Hungarian Central Statistical Office, 2006. 152 pages (with English Summary and translation of the tables).

- Small and medium-sized enterprises and the Lisbon Objectives, Development and Finance, Quarterly Hungarian Economic Review, 2006/3, pp. 20-29.

- Egy műhelyvita tanulságai: javaslatok KKV-politikánk továbbépítéséhez. (Lessons of a workshop to improve our SME policy) Vezetéstudomány (Budapest Management Review) Vol. XXXIX/2008 Nov. 7-8. 90-96.old.